Today, I will explain Simple Present forms, such as how to change verbs.
1. Form of Simple Present
the base form of a verb in all but the third-person singular
He / She / It / A person works for this company.
I / You / We / They live here.
Does he / she / it / a person work for this company?
Do I / you / we / they live here?
He / She / It / A person doesn't work for this company.
I / You / We / They don't live here.
2. Spelling for regular verbs in the third-person singular
Regular verbs: add -s
work → works, eat → eats, like → likes, live → lives
Ex)Jack works for Apple. He plays the violin for a living.
Verbs ending in -ss, -sh, -ch, or -x: add -es
teach → teaches, wash → washes, fix → fixes
Ex)Lucy teaches French at college. She watches comedy shows regularly.
Verbs ending in a consonant + -y: change y to i and add -es
study → studies, try → tries, cry → cries, fly → flies
Ex)Mike studies Korean every day. He always tries to practice with me
3. Spelling for irregular verbs in the third-person singular
The third-person singular forms of irregular verbs do, go, and have
do → does, go → goes, have → has
Ex)Dave goes to the gym Sundays. The machine has lots of functions.
4. Use of Simple Present
Use the Simple Present to express True Statements or Facts.
The water boils at 100℃. (General Truth)
The sun rises in the east. (Fact)
Use the Simple Present to express actions that happen regularly.
He wakes up at 6 am every morning.
She plays tennis on Thursdays.
Use the Simple Present with adverbs of frequency, such as never, often, usually
We always eat dinner at home on weekends.
She often talks on the phone at night.
Sometimes, I read mystery novels.
Use the Simple Present instead of will in temporal(short time) and conditional(not permanent) adverb clauses that refer to the future.
The moment I arrive home, I will call you.
He will join us when he finishes his homework.
If it rains, the train will have to be delayed.